Mount Elgon National Park covers an area of 1,279 square kilometres (494 sq mi) and is bisected by the border of Kenya and Uganda, Located on the Uganda-Kenya border it is also the oldest and largest solitary, volcanic mountain in East Africa.
The park is named after Mount Elgon, an extinct shield volcano on the border of Uganda and Kenya, Its vast form, 80km in diameter, rises more than 3,000m above the surrounding plains. Mt Elgon has five major peaks and the highest, Wagagai (4321m), is on the Ugandan side. It's the second-tallest mountain in Uganda and the eighth tallest in Africa. The mountain’s cool heights offer respite from the hot plains below, with the higher altitudes providing a refuge for flora and fauna.
The park is also home to a variety of small antelope and duiker, as well forest monkeys, including the black-and-white colobus and blue monkey. red-tailed monkey have been reported after being thought to be locally extinct, it has to over 300 species of birds, including the endangered Lammergeyer.
The higher slopes are protected by national parks in Uganda and Kenya, creating an extensive trans-boundary conservation area which has been declared a UNESCO Man & Biosphere Reserve.
Elgon’s deserted moorlands unveils a magnificent and uncluttered wilderness without the summit-oriented approach common to many mountains: the ultimate goal on reaching the top of Mt. Elgon is not the final ascent to the 4321m Wagagai Peak, but the descent into the vast 40km² caldera.
The most popular areas are the four explorable, vast caves where frequent night visitors such as elephants and buffaloes come to lick the natural salt found on the cave walls.